Grifoleto is an ancient village located on a hillside of the same name, overlooking the town of Pergola from the west. According to historical documents the inhabitants of Gubbio (the Eugubini), who founded the city of Pergola in 1234, cultivated their first vines here. The characteristics of the terroir are marley clay soil with a fair presence of humus and a significant presence of limestone derived from the weathering of the sandstone formations. The hilly position, south-east exposure, altitude of 340 metres above sea level, and the uniform breeze present almost all year round, saves the vineyard from fungal diseases and allows for a low level of defensive treatments. It is one of the areas most suited to the cultivation of vines in the entire agricultural territory of Pergola.
Montalfoglio is an atmospheric ancient hilltop village which is part of the territory of San Lorenzo in Campo but on the border with Pergola and Fratterosa. The largest vineyard of the Villa Ligi farm extends across the slopes of this village. The marley soils have a prevalence of Pliocene clays towards the valley. As you rise in altitude the soil is gradually enriched with limestone due to a sandstone formation increasingly washed out by rain. On these sunny slopes and in sufficiently deep soil, the vines thrive expressing the generosity of this terroir through the characteristics of the grapes and therefore the wines. The exposure to the east and south provides many hours of sunlight each day for the growth and development of the vines which are located at an average altitude of 300 metres above sea level.
Now a part of the territory of Pergola, Montevecchio enjoyed municipal autonomy from the year 1633 until 1869. The limestone soils derive from the break-up of groundwater debris coming from the limestone cliffs, which here are called ‘bisciaro’ from the Mesozoic era. They emerge in unique stratified formations that make the distinctive landscape. The soil is shallow with the base rock often emerging, with clays now totally incorporated in this agricultural land. The limestone is abundant and the colour of the dry soil is light grey. This high hillside position with a north-east exposure and altitude of about 470 metres above sea level has an excellent and consistent breeze. The vines grow slowly, often with difficulty, and the yield is very low, but this fresh terroir gives both the grapes and then the wine unique characteristics. The finesse and elegance of the aromas and the remaining sensory characteristics are the best demonstrations of the potential of the vines grown here.